6_Anti-bacterial biocides



An inhibitory agent that chemically or biologically inhibits the growth and spread of harmful microorganisms. Biocides are used as anti-fouling and disinfecting agents not only in industrial water treatment, but also as a disinfectant in swimming pools, water features, etc., which is a chemical or biological inhibitory growth inhibitor. And the release of harmful microorganisms. These substances with the ability to inhibit the activity of some vital enzymes of bacteria, especially enzymes involved in respiration and glycolysis cause the release of contents inside the bacterial cell to the surrounding environment. With increasing contact time and concentration, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds of the bacterial cell are transferred to the external environment and the bacterium is destroyed. It should be noted that different types of biocides work differently and understanding the mechanism of action of these materials plays an important role in proper use and It is optimal for this chemical. For example, in isothiazoline-based biocides, cell growth occurs due to the cessation of metabolic pathways in two stages. In the first stage, rapid growth inhibition and metabolism occur, and in the second stage, harmless entry into the cell occurs. As a result, vital physiological functions in cells such as growth, respiration, and energy production fail, and cell death due to destruction occurs. The thiol group of proteins and the production of free radicals occurs

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